No winter lasts forever; no spring skips its turn. There is a sweetness in life that does not fade. Winter, it's time for home. January and February are such a good time to plan your balcony vegetable garden. Oscar Wilde once said, "Wisdom comes with winters." The preparation of our place of growth, but more importantly, the preparation of our minds is the key to a successful and fruitful vegetable season. Read the rules and regulations for your building if you live in a rental property. How much extra weight can your balcony / patio take? The weight of the pots full of soil plus water and last but not least the plant itself.
You can use lightweight containers made of plastic, fiberglass or dust growing bags are combined with lightweight mixtures. If your balcony can withstand heavy loads, can your raised wooden beds use to use your space more efficiently. 2. Calculate the time you have Maintenance is important, even in a small garden. There is only one simple rule: if you do not have time, you should low maintenance vegetables grown. Tomato, lettuce, herbs, beans, zucchini, cucumber … But even they still need to be careful. Even if your balcony is large, I still recommend starting small and slow. You can always buy and plant more, but if you start slowly you can get a feeling of what works and what does not before making an investment / commitment too large. 3. Draw up a budget before you start. Don't just buy vegetables that are ready to plant, unless you want to spend a fortune. Buy seeds or ask for friends or gardeners in your community. Try to find sales pots or make your own container.
The only thing you have to spend good money on, is potting soil of good quality. Regular "dirty" and cheap land is not sterile and causes diseases and problems. A balcony vegetable garden with a few pots is maybe not very expensive, but it also depends entirely on what you want there. It is therefore better to take your time to avoid out of budget. 4. Choose the right plants for your balcony. Do not waste time and time on plants which is not going to flourish. Here are the three most important factors: how much sunlight, wind and how hot your balcony is going to be.
And of course, choose the right vegetables for the season. The most important issue is the amount of sunlight. Determine the exact amount of sun that receive your balcony during the growing season. Keep in mind that most vegetables require at least 6 to 8 hours of sun per day. Does your balcony face south and receive direct sunlight all day long? If so, you have the ideal balcony to grow vegetables (like mine). Many flowers, and most vegetables, if it is well watered, will like it. If your balcony looks to the north or the most of the day is shaded by other buildings, you should looking for herbs or vegetables that can grow in partial shade.
There are also vegetables that prefer more sunlight, but can grow in the shade – it will grow more slowly. Meanwhile, the shadow gets no direct sun or reflected light during the day. This is simply not a good place to grow vegetables. Most plants need light to grow. But I have people's success stories with white asparagus, chicory, sprouts, microgreens, wheatgrass heard … Is your balcony or terrace windy? Watch out for extreme conditions. The higher you are, the more wind you are likely to have, and hot drying winds can dry out your plants quickly. Build a trellis or wire mesh which can block the prevailing wind while it helps to climb vineyards. If the wind dries up, you really stay on the water. There are ways to create windbreaks to protect fragile plants by larger plants that are wind tolerant is to plant before the softer. You can also use plants that do not like wind, place in low pots near the floor to give them more protection.
How hot is your balcony? Balconies and roofs in urban areas can get hot at night in summer. Not all plants thrive in extreme heat, e.g. Lettuce, therefore, it is best to take this into account when planning. I had success with lettuce in the summer under a raised bed of other vegetables! It is also important to cover the ground to retain water. If done properly, the coating reduces the time required for watering, weeding and pest control. Overall, it got better, healthier resulting in fruits, vegetables and flowers. 5. You need a plan in advance. Prepare pre-layout according to the size and shape of your balcony. A small sketch on paper is enough to give you an account of the opportunities that you have in your space. Arrange beds and larger containers around the outside to determine space and distribute weight evenly.
Balconies are usually microclimates, which differs significantly from the climate on the ground. There may even be different microclimates on a small balcony. If an area is shady, it can be one climate, if another area is exposed to the wind, it a different climate. So choose which vegetables to grow, is the key to a successful harvest. Vegetables that bloom from a flower, such as cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers and squash, does not like shady areas. Plant it in full solar areas that get the most direct sunlight per day. Root vegetables such as beets, carrots and potatoes can also grow in partial shade with less direct sunlight, but appreciate at least half a day full of sun. Leaf vegetables such as leaves, spinach and lettuce is the most tolerant vegetable growing in the shade. If you keep these plants in the shade as the season progresses, it will last longer. 6. Healthy soil is the key Healthy soil is the key to growing strong, vibrant plants which resists pests and diseases and produces abundantly. Soil is living and consists of many parts, including mineral particles, water, organic matter, air and microorganisms.
The balance between these parts is what needs to be maintained for a healthy garden. Like all living things, soil must be fed become a nourishing environment offer to grow your vegetables. Do not feed it with cheap chemical fertilizers. Long before the new growing season began, I emptied the pots from last season, sifted through the soil and the root system, remove all hidden insects, weeds or debris. Baked the soil in the sun to ensure that weed seeds, insect eggs and pathogens were destroyed. And the most important thing is that you return the nutrient content in your soil. I have Bokashi compost used to make fertilizer from organic kitchen waste. I even added plant debris to Bokashi. The cycle of life is complete 🙂 The mixed compost also helps to kill the pests and weeds. Cover it or wrap it, keep it incubated for a few weeks. 7. Indoor sowing & Use mini greenhouse to sow early With cold weather in Germany is it also necessary to to harvest in early July to harvest in early July.
If you have a greenhouse, you can some types of vegetables end of February, mid-March, sown: carrots, pakchoi, some herbs … If the night temperature is higher than 10 ° C, seed can be sown outside. That way you can have more harvest than usual. 8. Polyculture is the healthy way of vegetable garden. If you have different or more crops of different plants growing in the same environment gives you greater yields and less work. All plants will wonderfully promote the development of the other and also protect each other from pests if they choose the companion carefully. It can be overwhelming at first, therefore, we need to have a good plan before we start planting. I sow carrots with quick radishes together in a bed. Carrot seed takes forever to germinate, while radishes only take a month to harvest, and you can grind through it, which then grows the space for the roots to grow. Or large plant like turnip. Although it starts small, it gets very thick. Intermediate door and intermediate door, plant fast crops such as radishes, rocket or lettuce. By the time the main plants grow in their area, you will have harvested all your crops.
9. Change crops every year As crops annually planted in different soils, prevents nutrient depletion and the cycles of plagues and diseases are interrupted, so that the garden soil remains healthy. Meanwhile, monoculture is against any form of traditional crops and cultivation of food. They replant the same crops in the same field, without any other kind of plants. It is the basis of large-scale farm corporations who have been trying to control our food resources for decades. I follow the three-year rule for all vegetables. Members of the same plant family should not be used more than once every three or four years planted in the same soil.
Broccoli, for example, should not be grown after cabbage, since they are both members of the cabbage family. That's it for today! See you in other gardening vlog :).